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Neurologia. 2015 Sep;30(7):407-15. doi: 10.1016/j.nrl.2014.03.001. Epub 2014 Apr 3.

Effects on locomotion and memory in 2 models of cerebral hypoperfusion in male Wistar rats.

[Article in English, Spanish]

Author information

1
Cuerpo Académico de Neuroquímica, Centro de Investigaciones Cerebrales, Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa, Veracruz, México.
2
Cuerpo Académico de Neuroquímica, Centro de Investigaciones Cerebrales, Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa, Veracruz, México. Electronic address: garanda@uv.mx.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Cerebral ischaemia is one of the most common neurological diseases worldwide. Its many sequelae range from motor and sensory symptoms to cognitive decline and dementia. Animal models of cerebral ischaemia/hypoperfusion elicit effects on long term memory; however, the effects of these procedures on short term memory are not clearly understood and effects induced by alternative hypoperfusion models are completely unknown.

METHODS:

We evaluated the effects of 2 cerebral hyperperfusion models on memory in 3-month-old male rats. Episodic memory and working memory were assessed using the new object recognition test and the spontaneous alteration test, respectively. Neurological assessment was also performed, along with an open field test to evaluate locomotor activity.

RESULTS:

Rats in both hyperperfusion models displayed no cognitive changes. Rats with unilateral left-sided ligation plus temporary ligation of the right carotid tended to show slightly impaired performance on the new object recognition test on the second day after the procedure. In contrast, the group with permanent unilateral ligation tended to display alterations in working and episodic memory 9 days after the procedure, but they subsequently recovered.

CONCLUSION:

Despite these differences, both hypoperfusion groups displayed clear signs of motor impairment 2 days after the procedure, as reflected by their decreased locomotor activity during the open field test.

KEYWORDS:

Carotid ligation; Ictus; Ligadura carótida; Memoria; Memory; Stroke

PMID:
24704245
DOI:
10.1016/j.nrl.2014.03.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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