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ScientificWorldJournal. 2014 Feb 19;2014:578382. doi: 10.1155/2014/578382. eCollection 2014.

Problem-based learning in pharmaceutical education: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Faculty of Medicine, University of Brasilia, P.O. Box 4472, 70904-970 Brasilia, DF, Brazil ; Getulio Vargas University Hospital, Federal University of Amazonas, 69020-170 Manaus, AM, Brazil.
2
Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Amazonas, 69020-160 Manaus, AM, Brazil.
3
University Hospital of Brasilia, Pharmacy School, University of Brasilia, 70830-200 Brasilia, DF, Brazil.
4
Department of Logistics, Executive Secretary, Ministry of Health of Brazil, 70058-900 Brasilia, DF, Brazil.
5
Faculty of Medicine, University of Brasilia, P.O. Box 4472, 70904-970 Brasilia, DF, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the effects of problem-based learning (PBL) on the learning achievements of pharmacy students.

METHODS:

We searched for controlled studies that compared PBL to traditional learning in pharmacy courses (graduate and undergraduate) in the major literature databases up to January 2014. Two independent researchers selected the studies, extracted the data, and assessed the quality of the studies. Meta-analyses of the outcomes were performed using a random effects model.

RESULTS:

From 1,988 retrieved records, five were included in present review. The studies assessed students' impressions about the PBL method and compared student grades on the midterm and final examinations. PBL students performed better on midterm examinations (odds ratio [OR] = 1.46; confidence interval [IC] 95%: 1.16, 1.89) and final examinations (OR = 1.60; IC 95%: 1.06, 2.43) compared with students in the traditional learning groups. No difference was found between the groups in the subjective evaluations.

CONCLUSION:

pharmacy students' knowledge was improved by the PBL method. Pharmaceutical education courses should consider implementing PBL.

PMID:
24701178
PMCID:
PMC3950357
DOI:
10.1155/2014/578382
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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