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Indian J Dermatol. 2014 Mar;59(2):151-7. doi: 10.4103/0019-5154.127675.

Periorbital hyperpigmentation: a study of its prevalence, common causative factors and its association with personal habits and other disorders.

Author information

1
Department of Skin & V.D., PDU Government Medical College and Hospital, Rajkot, India.
2
Department of Skin & V.D., CU Shah Medical College and Hospital, Surendranagar, Gujarat, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Periorbital hyperpigmentation (POH) is one of the most commonly encountered conditions in routine dermatology practice. There are only few published studies about its prevalence, classification, and pathogenesis but none showing its association with habits, and other medical conditions in Indian patients.

AIMS:

To determine prevalence and type of POH, common causative factors, and its association with personal habits and other disorders within various age and sex groups.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Two hundred patients attending the dermatology OPD were included in study and were subjected to detailed history, careful clinical and Wood's lamp examination, eyelid stretch test and laboratory investigations. Clinical photographs of all patients were taken.

RESULTS:

POH was most prevalent in 16-25 years age group (47.50%) and in females (81%) of which majority were housewives (45.50%). Commonest form of POH was constitutional (51.50%) followed by post inflammatory (22.50%). Lower eyelids were involved in 72.50%. Grade 2 POH was seen in 58%. Wood's lamp examination showed POH to be dermal in 60.50%. Faulty habits were observed viz. lack of adequate sleep (40%), frequent cosmetic use (36.50%), frequent eye rubbing (32.50%), and lack of correction for errors of refraction like myopia in 12% patients. Strong association of POH with stress (71%), atopy (33%) and family history (63%) was noted.

CONCLUSIONS:

Periorbital hyperpigmentation is a multi-factorial entity. It is absolutely essential to classify the type of POH and determine underlying causative factors in order to direct appropriate measures for better and successful outcome in future.

KEYWORDS:

Dark circles; habits; infraorbital hyperpigmentation; periorbital

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