Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Nat Commun. 2014 Apr 4;5:3553. doi: 10.1038/ncomms4553.

Arabidopsis florigen FT binds to diurnally oscillating phospholipids that accelerate flowering.

Author information

1
1] Institute of Plant and Microbial Biology, Academia Sinica, 128 Section 2 Academia Road, Nankang, Taipei 11529, Taiwan [2] Max-Planck-Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Carl-von-Linne-Weg 10, Cologne 50829, Germany [3] Institute of Molecular Physiology and Biotechnology of Plants, University of Bonn, Karlrobert-Kreiten-Strasse 13, Bonn 53115, Germany [4] Japan Science and Technology Agency, PRESTO, 4-8-1 Honcho, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, Japan.
2
Max-Planck-Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Carl-von-Linne-Weg 10, Cologne 50829, Germany.
3
Institute of Plant and Microbial Biology, Academia Sinica, 128 Section 2 Academia Road, Nankang, Taipei 11529, Taiwan.
4
Institute of Molecular Physiology and Biotechnology of Plants, University of Bonn, Karlrobert-Kreiten-Strasse 13, Bonn 53115, Germany.

Abstract

Arabidopsis FT protein is a component of florigen, which transmits photoperiodic flowering signals from leaf companion cells to the shoot apex. Here, we show that FT specifically binds phosphatidylcholine (PC) in vitro. A transgenic approach to increase PC levels in vivo in the shoot meristem accelerates flowering whereas reduced PC levels delay flowering, demonstrating that PC levels are correlated with flowering time. The early flowering is related to FT activity, because expression of FT-effector genes is increased in these plants. Simultaneous increase of FT and PC in the shoot apical meristem further stimulates flowering, whereas a loss of FT function leads to an attenuation of the effect of increased PC. Specific molecular species of PC oscillate diurnally, and night-dominant species are not the preferred ligands of FT. Elevating night-dominant species during the day delays flowering. We suggest that FT binds to diurnally changing molecular species of PC to promote flowering.

PMID:
24698997
PMCID:
PMC3988816
DOI:
10.1038/ncomms4553
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center