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J Stem Cells. 2013;8(2):99-103. doi: jsc.2014.8.2.99.

Periodontal regeneration by autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells embedded in a novel thermo reversible gelation polymer.

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Department of Oral Pathology, Sree Moogambigai Dental College, Kulesekaram, Kanyakumari, Tamilnadu, India
Mother Cell Regenerative Center, Trichy, Tamilnadu, India
Department of Oral Pathology, Thai Moogambigai Dental College, Maduravayal, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India
Department of Periodontics, Vishnu Dental College, Kovvada, Vshnupuram, Bhimavaram, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh, India
Fujio-Eiji Academic Terrain (FEAT), Nichi-In Centre for Regenerative Medicine (NCRM), Chennai, Tamilnadu, India


Regeneration of bony defects caused by periodontal disease continues to be a challenge for clinicians. Application of stem cells from different tissue sources and scaffolds for regeneration have been reported in animal models but clinical studies with long term follow-ups are limited. Herein we report the three years follow-up of the application of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNCs) embedded in a thermo-reversible gelation polymer (TGP) for periodontal regeneration. A 23-year female patient with advanced periodontitis (class IV gingival recession, probing pocket depth (PPD) of 5 mm and 6 mm in relation to mandibular lateral and central incisors respectively, and clinical attachment level (CAL) of 13 mm) correlated with radiographic evidence of severe horizontal bone loss extending up to the apex of mandibular incisors was selected for the treatment. After debridement, the defect was implanted with BMMNCs impregnated in TGP. Then the clinical parameters and radiographic evaluation were made at periodic intervals of 6, 12, 24 and 36 months. At six months, significant improvement with the clinical parameters (PPD had reduced to 2 mm, clinical attachment level had improved by 6 mm) was observed. At 36 months, the radiograph revealed bone regeneration with improvement in vertical and horizontal bone height. Transplantation of BMMNCs in a novel TGP is safe and results in a relatively significant and stable clinical outcome in horizontal alveolar bony defects.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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