Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Virol. 2014 Jun;88(12):6793-804. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00045-14. Epub 2014 Apr 2.

Rab18 facilitates dengue virus infection by targeting fatty acid synthase to sites of viral replication.

Author information

1
Graduate Institute of Life Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.
2
Department of General Medicine, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan Department of Primary Care Medicine, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
3
Graduate Institute of Life Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan.
4
Graduate Institute of Life Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan Genomic Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan yll@ibms.sinica.edu.tw.

Abstract

Positive-sense RNA viruses, such as dengue virus (DENV), hijack the intracellular membrane machinery for their own replication. The Rab18 protein, a member of the Rab GTPase family, key regulators of membrane trafficking, is located on the organelles involved in DENV infection, such as the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and lipid droplets (LDs). In this study, we addressed the potential involvement of Rab18 in DENV infection by using cells overexpressing the wild-type, GTP-bound active form, or GDP-bound inactive form of Rab18 and cells with Rab18 knockdown. DENV replication, measured by viral protein, viral RNA, and viral progeny production, as well as LD induction, was reduced in cells with inactive Rab18 and in cells deprived of Rab18 expression, suggesting a positive role of Rab18 in the DENV life cycle. Interestingly, the interaction of fatty acid synthase (FASN), a key lipogenic enzyme in lipid biosynthesis, with DENV NS3 protein relied on the conversion of the GDP-bound to the GTP-bound form of Rab18. Furthermore, the targeting of FASN to sites participating in DENV infection, such as the ER and LDs, depends on functional Rab18. Thus, Rab18-mediated membrane trafficking of FASN and NS3 facilitates DENV replication, probably by ensuring a sufficient and coordinated lipid supply for membrane proliferation and arrangement.

IMPORTANCE:

Infection by dengue virus (DENV), an important mosquito-borne virus threatening ∼40% of the world's population, can cause mild dengue fever or severe dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome. The pathogenesis mechanisms of DENV-related diseases are not clear, but high viral replication is believed to be a risk factor for the severe form of DENV infection. Thus, understanding the detailed mechanism of DENV replication might help address this devastating virus. Here, we found that Rab18, a small GTPase involved in vesicle trafficking and located in the endoplasmic reticulum network and on the surfaces of lipid droplets, positively regulates DENV replication. The functional machinery of Rab18 is required to recruit the enzyme fatty acid synthase to sites of DENV replication and to interact with DENV NS3 protein to promote fatty acid biosynthesis. Thus, DENV usurps Rab18 to facilitate its own replication.

PMID:
24696471
PMCID:
PMC4054357
DOI:
10.1128/JVI.00045-14
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center