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J Neurosci. 2014 Apr 2;34(14):4976-90. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4116-13.2014.

Optogenetic assessment of horizontal interactions in primary visual cortex.

Author information

1
Department of Functional Architecture and Development of Cerebral Cortex, Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience, Jupiter, Florida 33458, Department of Neurobiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, and Duke Institute for Brain Sciences, Durham, North Carolina 27710.

Erratum in

  • J Neurosci. 2014 Jun 25;34(26):8930.

Abstract

Columnar organization of orientation selectivity and clustered horizontal connections linking orientation columns are two of the distinctive organizational features of primary visual cortex in many mammalian species. However, the functional role of these connections has been harder to characterize. Here we examine the extent and nature of horizontal interactions in V1 of the tree shrew using optical imaging of intrinsic signals, optogenetic stimulation, and multi-unit recording. Surprisingly, we find the effects of optogenetic stimulation depend primarily on distance and not on the specific orientation domains or axes in the cortex, which are stimulated. In addition, across a wide range of variation in both visual and optogenetic stimulation we find linear addition of the two inputs. These results emphasize that the cortex provides a rich substrate for functional interactions that are not limited to the orientation-specific interactions predicted by the monosynaptic distribution of horizontal connections.

PMID:
24695715
PMCID:
PMC3972723
DOI:
10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4116-13.2014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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