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Cytometry. 1989 Mar;10(2):143-50.

Subdivision of S-phase by analysis of nuclear 5-bromodeoxyuridine staining patterns.

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Department of Surgery, State University, Leiden, The Netherlands.


After pulse labeling of mammalian cells in vivo or in vitro with 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdUrd), followed by immunostaining with a monoclonal antibody to DNA-incorporated BrdUrd, various intranuclear staining patterns are observed. These results are obtained in various labeling, fixation, denaturation, and staining conditions. We defined five different patterns in immunoperoxidase-stained monolayers of human and rodent cancer cells and compared mean nuclear areas as measured by computerized planimetry. Furthermore, we evaluated frequency distributions of these patterns in partly synchronized cell populations and correlated these results with flow cytometric DNA histograms. The results indicate that the observed patterns reflect the spatial and temporal organization of DNA synthesis, which seems to be characterized by at least three successive stages of replication. Evaluation of these patterns may have various applications in studies on cell cycle kinetics.

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