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J Pharmacol Sci. 2014;124(4):494-501. Epub 2014 Apr 2.

Assessment of testing methods for drug-induced repolarization delay and arrhythmias in an iPS cell-derived cardiomyocyte sheet: multi-site validation study.

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Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Toho University, Japan.


A prospective comparison study across 3 independent research laboratories of a pure IKr blocker E-4031 was conducted by using the same batch of human iPS cell-derived cardiomyocytes in order to verify the utility and reliability of our original standard protocol. Field potential waveforms were recorded with a multi-electrode array system to measure the inter-spike interval and field potential duration. The effects of E-4031 at concentrations of 1 to 100 nM were sequentially examined every 10 min. In each facility, E-4031 significantly prolonged the field potential duration corrected by Fridericia's formula and caused early afterdepolarizations occasionally resulting in triggered activities, whereas it tended to decrease the rate of spontaneous contraction. These results were qualitatively and quantitatively consistent with previous non-clinical in vitro and in vivo studies as well as clinical reports. There were inter-facility differences in some absolute values of the results, which were not observed when the values were normalized as percentage change. Information described in this paper may serve as a guide when predicting the drug-induced repolarization delay and arrhythmias with this new technology of stem cells.

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