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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1989 May 10;1011(2-3):158-64.

Stimulation of bile acid active transport related to increased mucosal cyclic AMP content in rat ileum in vitro.

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Abteilung Allgemeine Pharmakologie, Universit├Ąts-Krankenhaus Eppendorf, Hamburg, F.R.G.


The regulation of bile acid transport in rat ileum was studied in vitro using the adenylate cyclase stimulator forskolin, or 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX), a phosphodiesterase inhibitor. Forskolin 20 microM as well as 100 microM IBMX enhanced mucosal cyclic AMP to 3-fold the control levels. As a physiological response, net fluid absorption in everted ileal sacs was reduced. Taurocholate (10-500 microM) transfer in everted perfused segments of rat ileum was measured using a three compartment dual label method suitable for measuring active transport. Transport asymmetry with absorption exceeding its counterflux by 26-fold, was measured at 500 microM taurocholate. Forskolin increased absorption of taurocholate still further, by 68%, and reduced the serosal to mucosal flux. Enhanced intracellular accumulation of taurocholate indicated a stimulatory action of forskolin on active transport at the mucosal brush-border membrane. In uptake studies, accumulation of taurocholate was enhanced by 100 microM IBMX also. Forskolin-induced uptake stimulation could also be shown for chenodeoxycholate and cholate. In the presence of the neuronal blocker tetrodotoxin, uptake stimulation was still effective. Results indicate that the ileal bile acid transporter is included within the group of sodium-dependent cotransporters of the rat small intestine which are subject to a cyclic AMP-related stimulation at the mucosal cellular level.

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