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Pol Arch Med Wewn. 2014;124(5):255-63. Epub 2014 Mar 27.

Polish guidelines for the diagnosis and management of osteoporosis: a review of 2013 update.

Abstract

To decrease the risk of osteoporotic fractures in Poland, the Multidisciplinary Osteoporotic Forum has set up a joint Working Group including the representatives of the Polish Associations of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Rehabilitation, Gerontology, Rheumatology, Family Medicine, Diabetology, Laboratory Diagnostics, Andropause and Menopause, Endocrinology, Radiology, and the STENKO group as well as experts in the fields of rheumatology, obstetrics, and geriatrics to update the Polish guidelines for the diagnosis and management of osteoporosis in men and postmenopausal women in Poland. The assessment of fracture risk and intervention thresholds was made using the FRAX® calculation tool for Poland. The strength of recommendations was evaluated according to the principles of the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network and the results have been approved by national consultants. Finally, the Working Group has formulated the updated guidelines and recommended two -step diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. The first stage applies to family physicians or general practitioners and involves the assessment of fracture risk using the FRAX®-BMI to identify patients at high risk of fractures. An osteoporotic fracture remains an absolute indication both for the general practitioner and specialist to implement treatment. At the second stage, the specialist (in an osteoporosis or other specialty clinic) should review the primary or secondary causes of fracture risk, confirm the diagnosis, and introduce an appropriate treatment and monitoring. In patients (men aged >50 years and postmenopausal women) without low-energy fractures, the absolute risk of fractures exceeding 10% should be considered an indication for treatment. The Polish guidelines were compared with other international guidelines in terms of diagnostic measures, pharmacotherapy, as well as calcium and vitamin D supplementation.

PMID:
24694725
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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