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Bone Joint J. 2014 Apr;96-B(4):526-9. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.96B3.32702.

Short-stem uncemented primary reverse shoulder arthroplasty: clinical and radiological outcomes.

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1
Mississippi Sports Medicine and Orthopaedic Center, 1325 E. Fortification St. Jackson, Mississippi 39202, USA.

Abstract

Short uncemented humeral stems can preserve humeral bone stock and facilitate revision surgery but may be prone to malalignment or loosening, especially when used in reverse total shoulder replacement (TSR). We undertook a retrospective review of 44 patients with a mean age of 76 years (59 to 92) who underwent primary reverse TSR with a short uncemented humeral stem. There were 29 females. The indications for joint replacement included cuff tear associated arthropathy (33), avascular necrosis (six), post-traumatic arthritis (two), and inflammatory arthritis (three). At a mean follow-up of 27 months (24 to 40), pain was rated as mild or none in 43 shoulders (97.7%). The mean active elevation improved from 54° (sd 20°) to 142° (sd 25°) and the mean active external rotation from 14° (sd 13°) to 45° (sd 9°). The outcome, as assessed by the modified Neer score, was excellent in 27 (61.3%), satisfactory in 15 (34.1%), and unsatisfactory in two shoulders (4.5%). Stems were well-positioned, without evidence of significant valgus or varus malalignment in 42 TSRs (95.5%). There was no radiological evidence of loosening of the humeral stem in any patient; 13 TSRs (29.5%) had evidence of proximal humeral remodelling and scapular notching was noted in three (6.8%).

KEYWORDS:

Mini humeral stems; Press-fit humeral stems; Reverse total shoulder replacement; Uncemented humeral stems

PMID:
24692622
DOI:
10.1302/0301-620X.96B3.32702
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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