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Fertil Steril. 2014 Jun;101(6):1588-93. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2014.02.006. Epub 2014 Mar 29.

Sperm deoxyribonucleic acid damage in normozoospermic men is related to age and sperm progressive motility.

Author information

1
Laboratoire d'Eylau-Unilabs, Paris, France.
2
Cabinet d'Andrologie, Paris, France.
3
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address: ziniarmand@yahoo.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate sperm DNA fragmentation in normozoospermic male partners of couples undergoing infertility evaluation.

DESIGN:

Retrospective cohort study.

SETTING:

Clinical andrology laboratory.

PATIENT(S):

A total of 1,974 consecutive normozoospermic men selected from a larger cohort of 4,345 consecutive, nonazoospermic men presenting for infertility evaluation.

INTERVENTION(S):

None.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Clinical parameters, conventional semen parameters, and sperm DNA fragmentation assessed by flow cytometry-based TUNEL assay and reported as percent sperm DNA fragmentation (%SDF).

RESULT(S):

The mean (± SD) %SDF and the proportion of men with high %SDF (>30%) were significantly lower in the normozoospermic compared with the entire cohort of 4,345 evaluable infertile men (17.6% ± 10.1% vs. 20.7% ± 12.4% and 11% vs. 20%, respectively). In the group of 1,974 normozoospermic men, %SDF was positively correlated with paternal age (r = 0.17) and inversely correlated with progressive motility (r = -0.26). In the subset of normozoospermic men with sperm parameters above the 50th percentile (≥ 73 × 10(6) sperm/mL, ≥ 55% progressive motility, and ≥ 14% normal forms, World Health Organization 2010 guidelines), 5% (4 of 83) had elevated %SDF (>30%).

CONCLUSION(S):

In this large cohort of normozoospermic men presenting for infertility evaluation, DNA fragmentation level is related to sperm motility and paternal age, and 11% of these men have high levels of sperm DNA fragmentation. Furthermore, the data indicate that a nonnegligible proportion (5%) of normozoospermic men with high-normal sperm parameters may also have significant sperm DNA fragmentation.

KEYWORDS:

Sperm DNA fragmentation; infertility; normozoospermia; paternal age; sperm motility

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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