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Health Promot Perspect. 2012 Dec 28;2(2):265-73. doi: 10.5681/hpp.2012.032. eCollection 2012.

Working Conditions in Carpet Weaving Workshops and Muscu-loskeletal Complaints among Workers in Tabriz - Iran.

Author information

1
Department of Occupational Health, School of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
2
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Tabriz, Iran.
3
Institute of Occupational Medicine (IOM), Edinburgh, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Carpet weaving operations usualy involve poor working conditions that can lead to the development of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). This study investigated MSDs among car¬pet weavers in relation to working conditions from workers' view in Tabriz City, Northwest Iran.

METHODS:

This cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted in city of Tabriz, Iran. Data were col¬lected using interviews and questionnaires. The study population consisted of 200 randomly selected healthy weavers from twenty five active carpet weaving workshops.

RESULTS:

The results showed a high prevalence of musculoskeletal problems among the study population. The most commonly affected body areas were neck, lower back, ankles/feet, hands/wrists, upper back, shoulders and knees, respectively. More than half of the weavers were not satisfied with the thermal con¬dition, noise level and cleanliness of the air in the workshops. The result indicated a significant relation¬ship between upper back symptoms and daily working time and between lower back symptoms and the numbers of rows of knots woven in a day. Weavers' satisfaction with hand tools shape and thermal condi¬tion of the workshops were associated with lower back symptoms, whereas satisfaction with weaving looms were associated with upper back complaints.

CONCLUSION:

The poor working condition of hand-woven carpet workshops such as environmental con¬ditions and work station design and tools should be the subject of ergonomics interventions.

KEYWORDS:

Carpet weaving; Musculoskeletal; Working conditions

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