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Rev Invest Clin. 2013 Sep-Oct;65(5):436-44.

[Desynchronization/synchronization of lateral EEG rhythms during habituation to photostimulation in adults].

[Article in Spanish]

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Dirección de Investigación, Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación.



Berger related the EEG with cognition; we are attempting to identify which rhythms and circuits participate in habituation, a learning that decreases responses to meaningless stimuli which, changed the absolute power (AP) of EEG oscillations.


To characterize habituation, analyzing the AP of four rhythms in lateral regions of both hemispheres (BH), proposing that their diminution, desynchronization (D), means activation whereas their increase, synchronization (S), means inhibition.


qEEG analysis in 83 college students, in waking state with closed eyes, and photostimulated (RPh). The used UAMI/Yáñez software identifies RPh signals and takes 2-s samples before (Pre) and during RPh; the Welch periodogram integrates the AP of the four rhythms. We calculated the average AP (AAP) in Pre and RPh per frequency in bipolar lateral leads per hemisphere. AAP differences were evaluated with the Wilcoxon tests correcting with Bonferroni for repeated samples. Applying the linear regression model, we plotted the AAP distribution slopes during Pre and RPh.


We established the differences of the AP of the four rhythms within each hemisphere and between both hemispheres (BH). During PRE, AAP of δ and θ increased whereas α and β decreased. RPh increased the AAP (p = 0.01) of the four rhythms in fronto-frontal (FF) leads; the increase in δ persisted in fronto-temporal (FT) and temporo-occipital (TO), whereas β's increase persisted in all leads. The AAP of α decreased with the first RPh (D) increasing with the following ones; its slope starts with desynchronization and ends with synchronization. Theta followed a D/S pattern in temporal leads. Beta followed and ascending (S) slope in all leads.


Habituation results from the D/S of a in all cortical regions, of θ in temporal, of δ in frontal regions and β in all regions. Synchronization reflects hyperpolarization of neuronal membranes, decreasing their activity.

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