Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Biochim Biophys Acta. 2014 Dec;1839(12):1433-9. doi: 10.1016/j.bbagrm.2014.03.009. Epub 2014 Mar 28.

Histone lysine methylation and chromatin replication.

Author information

1
Fundación Ciencia & Vida, Santiago, Chile.
2
Institut Curie, Centre de Recherche, Paris F-75248, France; CNRS, UMR 3664, Paris F-75248, France; Equipe Labellisée Ligue contre le Cancer, UMR 3664, Paris F-75248, France; UPMC, UMR 3664, Paris F-75248, France; Paris Sciences & Lettres, PSL, France.
3
Institut Curie, Centre de Recherche, Paris F-75248, France; CNRS, UMR 3664, Paris F-75248, France; Equipe Labellisée Ligue contre le Cancer, UMR 3664, Paris F-75248, France; UPMC, UMR 3664, Paris F-75248, France; Paris Sciences & Lettres, PSL, France. Electronic address: Genevieve.Almouzni@curie.fr.
4
Fundación Ciencia & Vida, Santiago, Chile. Electronic address: aloyola@cienciavida.cl.

Abstract

In eukaryotic organisms, the replication of the DNA sequence and its organization into chromatin are critical to maintain genome integrity. Chromatin components, such as histone variants and histone post-translational modifications, along with the higher-order chromatin structure, impact several DNA metabolic processes, including replication, transcription, and repair. In this review we focus on lysine methylation and the relationships between this histone mark and chromatin replication. We first describe studies implicating lysine methylation in regulating early steps in the replication process. We then discuss chromatin reassembly following replication fork passage, where the incorporation of a combination of newly synthesized histones and parental histones can impact the inheritance of lysine methylation marks on the daughter strands. Finally, we elaborate on how the inheritance of lysine methylation can impact maintenance of the chromatin landscape, using heterochromatin as a model chromatin domain, and we discuss the potential mechanisms involved in this process.

KEYWORDS:

Chromatin assembly; Epigenetics; Genomic integrity; Heterochromatin; Histones; Post-translational modifications

PMID:
24686120
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbagrm.2014.03.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center