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Gene. 1988 Dec 10;72(1-2):169-76.

Changes in the polyadenylation of specific stable RNA during the early development of Xenopus laevis.

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Laboratoire de Biologie et Génétique du Développement CNRS UA 256, Université de Rennes I, Campus de Beaulieu, France.


The distribution of four specific RNA species between the poly(A)+ and poly(A)- fractions has been studied during the first hours of Xenopus laevis development, before the mid-blastula transition (MBT). Two of these specific RNA species correspond to clones selected by differential hybridization from a Xenopus egg cDNA library. Another corresponds to Xenopus c-raf mRNA and the last one to RNA revealed by a mouse ornithine decarboxylase probe. We show that two of these RNAs are adenylated after fertilization and remain in the poly(A)+ population. During the same period, the other two RNAs are deadenylated and these new poly(A)- RNAs remain stable at least until the MBT. These results show (i) that polyadenylation of specific RNA species occurs after fertilization in Xenopus and (ii) that, in the absence of transcription, adenylation and deadenylation can occur simultaneously in the fertilized egg.

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