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Am J Cardiol. 2014 Apr 15;113(8):1338-47. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2013.12.043. Epub 2014 Jan 31.

Meta-analysis of outcomes after intravascular ultrasound-guided versus angiography-guided drug-eluting stent implantation in 26,503 patients enrolled in three randomized trials and 14 observational studies.

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Heart Institute, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Cardiovascular Research Foundation, New York, New York.
Heart Institute, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. Electronic address:


There are conflicting data regarding the benefit of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) over angiography-guided PCI. Since the last meta-analysis was published, several new studies have been reported. We performed a comprehensive meta-analysis to evaluate the clinical impact of IVUS-guided PCI with drug-eluting stent compared with conventional angiography-guided PCI. This meta-analysis included 26,503 patients from 3 randomized and 14 observational studies; 12,499 patients underwent IVUS-guided PCI and 14,004 underwent angiography-guided PCI. Main outcome measures were total mortality, myocardial infarction (MI), stent thrombosis, and target lesion revascularization (TLR). IVUS-guided PCI was significantly associated with more stents, longer stents, and larger stents. Regarding clinical outcomes, IVUS-guided PCI was associated with a significantly lower risk of TLR (odds ratio [OR] 0.81, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.66 to 1.00, p=0.046). In addition, the risk of death (OR 0.61, 95% CI 0.48 to 0.79, p<0.001), MI (OR 0.57, 95% CI 0.44 to 0.75, p<0.001), and stent thrombosis (OR 0.59, 95% CI 0.47 to 0.75, p<0.001) were also decreased. In conclusion, our meta-analysis demonstrated that IVUS-guided PCI was associated with lower risk of death, MI, TLR, and stent thrombosis after drug-eluting stent implantation.

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