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Mol Brain. 2014 Mar 31;7:22. doi: 10.1186/1756-6606-7-22.

iPS cell technologies: significance and applications to CNS regeneration and disease.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan. hidokano@a2.keio.jp.

Abstract

In 2006, we demonstrated that mature somatic cells can be reprogrammed to a pluripotent state by gene transfer, generating induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. Since that time, there has been an enormous increase in interest regarding the application of iPS cell technologies to medical science, in particular for regenerative medicine and human disease modeling. In this review article, we outline the current status of applications of iPS technology to cell therapies (particularly for spinal cord injury), as well as neurological disease-specific iPS cell research (particularly for Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease). Finally, future directions of iPS cell research are discussed including a) development of an accurate assay system for disease-associated phenotypes, b) demonstration of causative relationships between genotypes and phenotypes by genome editing, c) application to sporadic and common diseases, and d) application to preemptive medicine.

PMID:
24685317
PMCID:
PMC3977688
DOI:
10.1186/1756-6606-7-22
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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