Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Placenta. 2014 May;35(5):324-30. doi: 10.1016/j.placenta.2014.02.010. Epub 2014 Mar 18.

Effect of oxygen on multidrug resistance in term human placenta.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
2
Dept Ob-Gyn, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada; Dept Cellular & Molecular Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.
3
Department of Physiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; Department of Ob-Gyn, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; Fraser Mustard Institute for Human Development, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. Electronic address: stephen.matthews@utoronto.ca.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The placenta contains efflux transporters, including P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), that limit the passage of xenobiotics, certain hormones and nutrients from the maternal to the fetal circulation. The expression of these transporters changes with gestational age, yet the mechanisms involved remain unknown. However, the changes in P-gp and BCRP transporter expression coincide with those of oxygen tension in the placenta, and oxygen tension has been shown to modulate P-gp and BCRP expression in other tissues. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of oxygen tension on P-gp and BCRP expression in the term human placenta.

METHODS:

Following equilibration in culture (96 h), term placental explants (n = 7) were cultured in 3% or 20% oxygen for 24 and 48 h. Culture medium was collected every 24 h to measure lactate dehydrogenase (LDH; explant viability) and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG; syncytiotrophoblast function). P-gp (encoded by ABCB1) and BCRP (encoded by ABCG2) protein and mRNA, as well as VEGFA mRNA were measured using western blot and qRT-PCR. P-gp localization was determined using immunofluorescence.

RESULTS:

Oxygen tension had a significant effect on P-gp expression, with ABCB1/P-gp mRNA and protein levels increased in the hypoxic condition (3% O2) after 48 h (p < 0.05). VEGFA mRNA was elevated by hypoxia at both 24 and 48 h (p < 0.05). In contrast, placental ABCG2/BCRP mRNA and protein expression were stable with changes in oxygen tension. We identified profound differences in the glycosylation of P-gp between cultured and non-cultured placental tissue, with cultured explants expressing deglycosylated P-gp.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings demonstrate that, at term, the expression of placental P-gp, is regulated by oxygen tension. This suggests that changes in oxygenation of the placenta in the third trimester may alter levels of placental P-gp, and in doing so alter fetal exposure to P-gp substrates, including xenobiotics and certain hormones.

KEYWORDS:

BCRP; Hypoxia; Multidrug resistance; P-glycoprotein; Third-trimester placenta

PMID:
24685282
DOI:
10.1016/j.placenta.2014.02.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center