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Nucleic Acids Res. 2014 May;42(9):5633-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gku188. Epub 2014 Mar 15.

Recombination hotspots attenuate the coupled ATPase and translocase activities of an AddAB-type helicase-nuclease.

Author information

1
DNA-Protein Interactions Unit, Department of Biochemistry, School of Medical Sciences, University of Bristol, University Walk, Bristol BS8 1TD, UK.
2
DNA-Protein Interactions Unit, Department of Biochemistry, School of Medical Sciences, University of Bristol, University Walk, Bristol BS8 1TD, UK mark.dillingham@bristol.ac.uk.

Abstract

In all domains of life, the resection of double-stranded DNA breaks to form long 3'-ssDNA overhangs in preparation for recombinational repair is catalyzed by the coordinated activities of DNA helicases and nucleases. In bacterial cells, this resection reaction is modulated by the recombination hotspot sequence Chi. The Chi sequence is recognized in cis by translocating helicase-nuclease complexes such as the Bacillus subtilis AddAB complex. Binding of Chi to AddAB results in the attenuation of nuclease activity on the 3'-terminated strand, thereby promoting recombination. In this work, we used stopped-flow methods to monitor the coupling of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) hydrolysis and DNA translocation and how this is affected by Chi recognition. We show that in the absence of Chi sequences, AddAB translocates processively on DNA at ∼2000 bp s(-1) and hydrolyses approximately 1 ATP molecule per base pair travelled. The recognition of recombination hotspots results in a sustained decrease in the translocation rate which is accompanied by a decrease in the ATP hydrolysis rate, such that the coupling between these activities and the net efficiency of DNA translocation is largely unchanged by Chi.

PMID:
24682829
PMCID:
PMC4027173
DOI:
10.1093/nar/gku188
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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