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Nat Med. 2014 Apr;20(4):443-9. doi: 10.1038/nm.3495. Epub 2014 Mar 30.

Label-free in vivo imaging of myelinated axons in health and disease with spectral confocal reflectance microscopy.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.
2
1] Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA. [2] Department of Neurobiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Abstract

We report a newly developed technique for high-resolution in vivo imaging of myelinated axons in the brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerve that requires no fluorescent labeling. This method, based on spectral confocal reflectance microscopy (SCoRe), uses a conventional laser-scanning confocal system to generate images by merging the simultaneously reflected signals from multiple lasers of different wavelengths. Striking color patterns unique to individual myelinated fibers are generated that facilitate their tracing in dense axonal areas. These patterns highlight nodes of Ranvier and Schmidt-Lanterman incisures and can be used to detect various myelin pathologies. Using SCoRe we carried out chronic brain imaging up to 400 μm deep, capturing de novo myelination of mouse cortical axons in vivo. We also established the feasibility of imaging myelinated axons in the human cerebral cortex. SCoRe adds a powerful component to the evolving toolbox for imaging myelination in living animals and potentially in humans.

PMID:
24681598
PMCID:
PMC3981936
DOI:
10.1038/nm.3495
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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