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Psychiatry Res. 2014 Jun 30;217(1-2):47-53. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2014.03.012. Epub 2014 Mar 15.

Prevalence and correlates of binge eating in seasonal affective disorder.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
2
Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA; Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. Electronic address: kroeck@pitt.edu.
3
Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA.
4
Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Abstract

Eating pathology in Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) may be more severe than hyperphagia during winter. Although research has documented elevated rates of subclinical binge eating in women with SAD, the prevalence and correlates of binge eating disorder (BED) in SAD remain largely uncharacterized. We examined the prevalence and correlates of binge eating, weekly binge eating with distress, and BED as defined by the DSM-IV-TR in SAD. We also tested whether binge eating exhibits a seasonal pattern among individuals with BED. Two samples were combined to form a sample of individuals with SAD (N=112). A third sample included non-depressed adults with clinical (n=12) and subclinical (n=11) BED. All participants completed the Questionnaire of Eating and Weight Patterns-Revised (QEWP-R) and modified Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire (M-SPAQ). In the SAD sample, 26.5% reported binge eating, 11.6% met criteria for weekly binge eating with distress, and 8.9% met criteria for BED. Atypical symptom severity predicted binge eating and BED. In the BED sample, 30% endorsed seasonal worsening of mood, and 26% reported a winter pattern of binge eating. The spectrum of eating pathology in SAD includes symptoms of BED, which are associated with atypical depression symptoms, but typical depression symptoms.

KEYWORDS:

Affective disorders; Atypical depression; Binge eating disorder; Seasonality

PMID:
24680872
PMCID:
PMC4019042
DOI:
10.1016/j.psychres.2014.03.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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