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Peptides. 2014 Jun;56:59-67. doi: 10.1016/j.peptides.2014.03.011. Epub 2014 Mar 25.

Age versus nutritional state in the development of central leptin resistance.

Author information

1
Department of Pathophysiology and Gerontology, Medical School, University of Pécs, Hungary, 12. Szigeti str., H-7624 Pécs, Hungary.
2
Department of Pathophysiology and Gerontology, Medical School, University of Pécs, Hungary, 12. Szigeti str., H-7624 Pécs, Hungary. Electronic address: miklos.szekely@aok.pte.hu.

Abstract

Leptin, a catabolic adiposity signal acts in the hypothalamus via suppressing food intake and inducing hypermetabolism. Age and obesity are accompanied by leptin resistance. The present study aimed to clarify which components of the catabolic leptin effects are influenced most strongly by aging and which ones by nutritional state-induced alterations in body composition. In our biotelemetric study the effects of a 7-day intracerebroventricular leptin infusion on various parameters of energy balance (food intake, body weight, oxygen consumption, heart rate and body temperature) were analyzed in male Wistar rats of different age-groups (from 3 to 24 months) and nutritional states (normally fed, diet-induced obese and calorie-restricted). Leptin resistance of older animals affected hypermetabolic actions, whereas leptin induced anorexia in all age-groups. Weight reducing effect of leptin diminished in middle-aged and aging animals to become significant again in the oldest group. In diet-induced obese rats leptin-induced hypermetabolism of the young rats and hypermetabolism plus anorexia of the aging ones were suppressed. Calorie-restriction reduced body weight and fat mass to a similar extent in all age-groups. It strongly enhanced leptin-induced hypermetabolism at all ages and prevented the manifestation of anorexigenic actions of leptin with the exception of the oldest group. This latter finding suggests an unexpected increase of responsiveness to anorexigenic leptin actions in old rats. Accordingly, anorexia and hypermetabolism change in disparate ways with aging. Nutritional state predominantly influences hypermetabolic leptin actions. Resistance to both hypermetabolic and anorexigenic actions were promoted by obesity, while calorie-restriction enhanced responsiveness to leptin, especially in old rats.

KEYWORDS:

Aging; Calorie-restriction; Energy balance; Leptin; Obesity

PMID:
24680735
DOI:
10.1016/j.peptides.2014.03.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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