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Eur Urol. 2014 Nov;66(5):884-93. doi: 10.1016/j.eururo.2014.03.010. Epub 2014 Mar 19.

Renal tumor contact surface area: a novel parameter for predicting complexity and outcomes of partial nephrectomy.

Author information

1
Catherine and Joseph Aresty Department of Urology, USC Institute of Urology, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
2
Department of Radiology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
3
Catherine and Joseph Aresty Department of Urology, USC Institute of Urology, Los Angeles, CA, USA. Electronic address: adityadesai2003@gmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The contact surface area (CSA) of a tumor with adjacent renal parenchyma may determine the complexity and thus the perioperative outcomes of partial nephrectomy (PN).

OBJECTIVE:

We devised a novel imaging parameter, renal tumor CSA, and correlate it with perioperative outcomes in patients undergoing PN.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS:

Of 200 patients undergoing PN for a tumor (January 2010 to August 2011), 162 had renal protocol computed tomography scanning data available. CSA was calculated using image-rendering software (Synapse 3D, Fujifilm), and interobserver variability was determined between three independent observers.

OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS:

CSA was correlated to baseline demographics and perioperative outcomes as a continuous and categorical variable using multivariable logistic regression analysis. The ability of CSA to predict adverse perioperative events was compared with demographic factors and nephrometry scoring systems.

RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS:

The mean tumor size was 3.1cm; CSA was 18.3 cm(2). CSA ≥20 cm(2) correlated with adverse tumor characteristics (greater tumor size, volume, and complexity) and perioperative outcomes (more parenchymal volume loss, blood loss, and complications) compared with CSA <20 cm(2). On multivariable logistic regression, CSA independently predicted operative time, complications, hospital stay, and renal functional outcomes. This predictive ability of CSA was superior to the other parameters evaluated.

CONCLUSIONS:

CSA is a novel imaging parameter that quantifies the CSA of renal tumor with adjacent parenchyma. Our preliminary data indicate that CSA correlates with PN outcomes. If validated externally in a larger cohort, CSA could be incorporated into future versions of nephrometry scoring systems.

PATIENT SUMMARY:

In this study we outline the method of calculating the contact surface area (CSA) of renal tumors with the surrounding normal kidney using image-rendering software. We found that CSA correlates with a number of important surgical outcomes including operative time, loss of renal function, and complications.

KEYWORDS:

Complications; Kidney; Laparoscopy; Partial nephrectomy; Renal neoplasm; Robotic surgery

PMID:
24680360
DOI:
10.1016/j.eururo.2014.03.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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