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Aging Ment Health. 2014 Sep;18(7):861-8. doi: 10.1080/13607863.2014.896863. Epub 2014 Mar 31.

Direct and indirect relationships between physical activity and happiness levels among older adults: a cross-sectional study.

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1
a UMR 7268 ADES , Aix-Marseille Université/EFS/CNRS , Marseille , France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The purposes of this study were to examine if physical activity (PA) is associated to happiness and to investigate if social functioning and health status mediate this association.

METHOD:

Participants of this cross-sectional study were 323 men and women, age 60 or over, who were covered by the medical insurance of the French National Education System, France. They received by mail a self-report questionnaire that asked for information about general health, PA, and happiness.

RESULTS:

In multinomial logistic regressions, the total volume of PA was associated to higher levels of happiness, but this association disappeared in the presence of social functioning. A structural equation modelling (SEM) showed an indirect association between PA and happiness, which was mediated by participants' health status and social functioning; in this SEM model, social functioning was the only variable directly associated to happiness.

CONCLUSION:

Complex associations among PA, health status, and social functioning appear to determine happiness levels in older adults.

KEYWORDS:

elderly; exercise; mental health; social functioning; well-being

PMID:
24679157
DOI:
10.1080/13607863.2014.896863
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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