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J Exerc Rehabil. 2014 Feb 28;10(1):15-21. doi: 10.12965/jer.140088. eCollection 2014 Feb.

Treadmill exercise enhances NMDA receptor expression in schizophrenia mice.

Author information

1
Division of Exercise and Health Science, College of Arts and Physical Education, Incheon National University, Incheon, Korea.
2
Department of Physical Education, College of Health, Welfare, and Education, Tong Myong University, Busan, Korea.
3
Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Schizophrenia is a serious psychiatric disorder with several symptoms including cognitive dysfunction. Although the causes of schizophrenia are still unclear, there is a strong suspicion that the abnormality in N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor may contribute to schizophrenia symptoms. In the present study, the effect of treadmill exercise on the NMDA receptor expression was evaluated using MK-801-induced schizophrenia mice. Immunohistochemistry for expressions of NMDA receptor tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) was conducted. Western blot for brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) was also performed. In the present results, the mice in the MK-801-treated group displayed reduced NMDA receptor expression. Enhanced TH expression and suppressed BDNF expression were also observed in the MK-801-treated mice. Treadmill exercise improved NMDA receptor expression in the MK-801-induced schizophrenia mice. Treadmill exercise also suppressed TH expression and enhanced BDNF expression in the MK-801-induced schizophrenia mice. The present study showed that down-regulation of NMDA receptor demonstrated schizophrenia-like parameters, meanwhile treadmill running improved schizophrenia-related parameters through enhancing NMDA receptor expression.

KEYWORDS:

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor; N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor; Schizophrenia; Treadmill exercise; Tyrosine hydroxylase

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