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Drug Deliv Transl Res. 2014 Feb 1;4(1):61-73.

Hepatic RNA Interference: Delivery by Synthetic Vectors.

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1
The Center for Nanotechnology in Drug Delivery, Division of Molecular Pharmaceutics, Eshelman School of Pharmacy, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill NC 27599, USA.

Abstract

Though the pharmaceutical industry's infatuation with the therapeutic potential of RNA interference (RNAi) technology has finally come down from its initial lofty levels,[1] hope is by no means lost for the once-burgeoning enterprise, as recent clinical trials are beginning to show efficacy in areas ranging from amyloidosis to hypercholesterolemia to muscular dystrophy. With such resurgence comes a more informed perspective on the needs of such therapeutics: a renewed focus on true RNA drug development, and a desire for enhanced site-specific delivery.[2] In this review, we will discuss the latter with regard to hepatic targeting by synthetic vectors, covering the implications of organ and cellular physiology on conjugate structure, particle morphology, and active targeting. In presenting efficacy in a variety of disease models, we emphasize as well the extraordinary degree to which synthetic formulation improves upon and coordinates efforts with oligonucleotide development. Such advances in the understanding of and the technology behind RNAi have the potential to finally stabilize the long-term prospects RNA therapeutic development.

KEYWORDS:

hepatic; in vivo; liver; nanoparticle; siRNA; therapy

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