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J Nat Sci Biol Med. 2014 Jan;5(1):15-20. doi: 10.4103/0976-9668.127275.

Acute respiratory infections among under-5 children in India: A situational analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India.
2
Dept of Community medicine, Indira Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Puducherry, Puducherry, India.

Abstract

Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are the leading cause of death among children less than 5 years in India. Emergence of newer pathogenic organisms, reemergence of disease previously controlled, wide spread antibiotic resistance, and suboptimal immunization coverage even after many innovative efforts are major factors responsible for high incidence of ARI. Drastic reduction in the burden of ARI by low-cost interventions such as hand washing, breast feeding, availability of rapid and feasible array of diagnostics, and introduction of pentavalent vaccine under National Immunization Schedule which are ongoing are necessary for reduction of ARI.

KEYWORDS:

Acute respiratory infections; National Immunization Schedule; control of acute respiratory infection; disease burden; pneumonia; under-5 children; vaccine status

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