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Small. 2014 Jun 12;10(11):2260-9. doi: 10.1002/smll.201303371. Epub 2014 Feb 13.

Solvothermal-induced self-assembly of Fe2O3/GS aerogels for high Li-storage and excellent stability.

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The State Key Lab of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 200050, P. R. China.


A novel solvothermal-induced self-assembly approach, using colloid sol as precursor, is developed to construct monolithic 3D metal oxide/GS (graphene sheets) aerogels. During the solvothermal process, graphene oxide (GO) is highly reduced to GS and self-assembles into 3D macroscopic hydrogels, accompanying with in situ transformation of colloid sol to metal oxides. As a proof of concept, Fe2 O3 /GS aerogels are synthesized based on Fe(OH)3 sol, in which GS self-assemble into an interconnected macroporous framework and Fe2 O3 nanocrystals (20-50 nm) uniformly deposit on GS. Benefitting from the integration of macroporous structures, large surface area, high electrical conductivity, and good electrode homogeneity, the hybrid electrode manifests a superior rate capability (930, 660 and 520 mAh g(-1) at 500, 2000 and 4000 mA g(-1), respectively) and excellent prolonged cycling stability at high rates (733 mAh g(-1) during 1000 charge/discharge cycles at 2000 mA g(-1)), demonstrating its great potential for application in high performance lithium ion batteries. The work described here provides a versatile pathway to construct various graphene-based hybrid aerogels.


colloidal; graphene; hydrogel; lithium ion batteries; solvothermal

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