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PLoS One. 2014 Mar 27;9(3):e92618. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0092618. eCollection 2014.

Central inflammation and leptin resistance are attenuated by ginsenoside Rb1 treatment in obese mice fed a high-fat diet.

Author information

1
Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute, School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia.
2
Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute, School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia; Schizophrenia Research Institute, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
3
Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute, School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia; ANSTO LifeSciences, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Abstract

A low-grade pro-inflammatory state is at the pathogenic core of obesity and type 2 diabetes. We tested the hypothesis that the plant terpenoid compound ginsenoside Rb1 (Rb1), known to exert anti-inflammatory effects, would ameliorate obesity, obesity-associated inflammation and glucose intolerance in the high-fat diet-induced obese mouse model. Furthermore, we examined the effect of Rb1 treatment on central leptin sensitivity and the leptin signaling pathway in the hypothalamus. We found that intraperitoneal injections of Rb1 (14 mg/kg, daily) for 21 days significantly reduced body weight gain, fat mass accumulation, and improved glucose tolerance in obese mice on a HF diet compared to vehicle treatment. Importantly, Rb1 treatment also reduced levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6 and/or IL-1β) and NF-κB pathway molecules (p-IKK and p-IκBα) in adipose tissue and liver. In the hypothalamus, Rb1 treatment decreased the expression of inflammatory markers (IL-6, IL-1β and p-IKK) and negative regulators of leptin signaling (SOCS3 and PTP1B). Furthermore, Rb1 treatment also restored the anorexic effect of leptin in high-fat fed mice as well as leptin pSTAT3 signaling in the hypothalamus. Ginsenoside Rb1 has potential for use as an anti-obesity therapeutic agent that modulates obesity-induced inflammation and improves central leptin sensitivity in HF diet-induced obesity.

PMID:
24675731
PMCID:
PMC3968027
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0092618
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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