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Ageing Res Rev. 2014 May;15:76-93. doi: 10.1016/j.arr.2014.03.003. Epub 2014 Mar 25.

Multivariate models of subjective caregiver burden in dementia: a systematic review.

Author information

1
Psychiatric Skilled Nursing Home 'DrieMaasStede', Argos Zorggroep, Schiedam/VU Department of General Practice & Elderly Care Medicine, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research VU University Amsterdam/VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: j.vanderlee@argoszorggroep.nl.
2
Stichting Wetenschap Balans (Foundation for Scientific Research Geriatric Health Care), Rotterdam/VU Department of General Practice & Elderly Care Medicine, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research VU University Amsterdam/VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: t.bakker@swbalans.nl.
3
Psychiatric Skilled Nursing Home 'DrieMaasStede', Argos Zorggroep, Schiedam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: h.j.duivenvoorden@diderius.nl.
4
Department of General Practice & Elderly Care Medicine, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research VU University Amsterdam/VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam/GGZ Ingeest, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: r.droes@ggzingeest.nl.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Burden in dementia caregivers is a complex and multidimensional construct. Several models of burden and other representations of burden like depression or mental health are described in literature. To clarify the state of science, we systematically reviewed complex models that include both patient and caregiver determinants of caregiver burden.

OBJECTIVE:

A review of determinant models of caregiver burden.

DESIGN:

Systematic review.

DATA SOURCES:

Electronic databases PubMed, PsycInfo and EMbase were searched in December 2013.

STUDY SELECTION AND ANALYSIS:

Research studies with quantitative outcome measures of caregiver burden or burden-related concepts, including both patient and caregiver functional characteristics as determinants. We categorized the determinant variables in the models and calculated the percentages of proven determinants within each category.

RESULTS:

We found 32 studies with burden models and 24 depression and mental health models. Patient behavioral problems, caregiver coping and personality traits and competence are most consistent determinants of caregiver burden, depression and mental health. Behavioral problems are more significant than cognitive disorders or lack of self-care. Of all measured caregiver personality traits, neuroticism has the strongest impact on caregiver burden. Regarding caregiver competences, feeling competent or enjoying higher self-efficacy in general diminish caregiver burden and promote caregiver mental health.

KEYWORDS:

Burden; Caregiver; Dementia; Model; Review

PMID:
24675045
DOI:
10.1016/j.arr.2014.03.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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