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Science. 2014 Apr 11;344(6180):180-3. doi: 10.1126/science.1248905. Epub 2014 Mar 27.

Entangled states of more than 40 atoms in an optical fiber cavity.

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Laboratoire Kastler Brossel, École Normale Supérieure, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, CNRS, 24 Rue Lhomond, 75005 Paris, France.


Multiparticle entanglement enables quantum simulations, quantum computing, and quantum-enhanced metrology. Yet, there are few methods to produce and measure such entanglement while maintaining single-qubit resolution as the number of qubits is scaled up. Using atom chips and fiber-optical cavities, we have developed a method based on nondestructive collective measurement and conditional evolution to create symmetric entangled states and perform their tomography. We demonstrate creation and analysis of entangled states with mean atom numbers up to 41 and experimentally prove multiparticle entanglement. Our method is independent of atom number and should allow generalization to other entangled states and other physical implementations, including circuit quantum electrodynamics.

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