Format

Send to

Choose Destination
ScientificWorldJournal. 2014 Feb 2;2014:460342. doi: 10.1155/2014/460342. eCollection 2014.

Anthelmintic activity of crude extract and essential oil of Tanacetum vulgare (Asteraceae) against adult worms of Schistosoma mansoni.

Author information

1
Faculdade de Farmácia, Departamento de Ciências Farmacêuticas, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, 36036-900 Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil.
2
Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Departamento de Bioquímica, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, 36036-900 Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil.
3
Departamento de Química, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, 14040-901 Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.
4
Núcleo de Enteroparasitas, Instituto Adolfo Lutz, 01246-902 São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
5
Faculdade de Ciências de Guarulhos, FACIG/UNIESP, 07025-000 Guarulhos, SP, Brazil.

Abstract

Schistosomiasis, a parasitic disease caused by trematode flatworms of the genus Schistosoma, affects more than 200 million people worldwide, and its control is dependent on a single drug, praziquantel. Tanacetum vulgare (Asteraceae) is used in folk medicine as a vermifuge. This study aimed to investigate the in vitro schistosomicidal activity of the crude extract (TV) and the essential oil (TV-EO) from the aerial parts of T. vulgare. TV-EO was obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC/MS, which allowed the identification of β-thujone (84.13%) as the major constituent. TV and TV-EO, at 200 μg/mL, decreased motor activity and caused 100% mortality of all adult worms. At 100 and 50 μg/mL, only TV caused death of all adult worms, while TV-EO was inactive. TV (200 μg/mL) was also able to reduce viability and decrease production of developed eggs. Confocal laser scanning microscopy showed morphological alterations in the tegument of the S. mansoni surface after incubation with TV (50 and 100 μg/mL). Quantitative analysis on the schistosomes tegument showed that TV caused changes in the numbers of tubercles of S. mansoni male worms in a dose-dependent manner. The findings suggest that T. vulgare is a potential source of schistosomicidal compounds.

PMID:
24672320
PMCID:
PMC3929489
DOI:
10.1155/2014/460342
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Hindawi Limited Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center