Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Clin Microbiol. 2014 Jun;52(6):2027-32. doi: 10.1128/JCM.03466-13. Epub 2014 Mar 26.

Comparison of pulsed-gel electrophoresis and a commercial repetitive-element PCR method for assessment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus clustering in different health care facilities.

Author information

1
University of Wisconsin, School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin, USA William S. Middleton Veterans Affairs Hospital, Madison, Wisconsin, USA cjc@medicine.wisc.edu.
2
University of Wisconsin, School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
3
University of Wisconsin, School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin, USA William S. Middleton Veterans Affairs Hospital, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.

Abstract

Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) is a common method used to type methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in nosocomial investigations and epidemiological studies but is time-consuming and methodologically challenging. We compared typing results obtained using a commercial repetitive-element PCR (rep-PCR) system with PFGE in a sample of 86 unique MRSA isolates recovered from subjects in an academic referral hospital and two nursing homes in the same geographic region. Both methods reliably assigned isolates to the same Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) pulsotype. PFGE was significantly more discriminatory (Simpson's index of diversity, 0.92 at the 95% strain similarity threshold) than the commercial rep-PCR system (Simpson's index of diversity, 0.58). The global (adjusted Rand coefficient, 0.10) and directional congruence (adjusted Wallace coefficient(repPCR→PFGE) = 0.06; adjusted Wallace coefficient(PFGE → repPCR) = 0.52) between the two methods was low. MRSA strains recovered from study nursing homes that were clonal when typed by the commercial rep-PCR method were frequently noted to be genetically distinct when typed using PFGE. These data suggest that the commercial rep-PCR has less utility than PFGE in small-scale epidemiological assessments of MRSA in health care settings.

PMID:
24671801
PMCID:
PMC4042735
DOI:
10.1128/JCM.03466-13
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center