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Endocr Pathol. 2014 Sep;25(3):265-72. doi: 10.1007/s12022-014-9306-y.

Macrofollicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma with extensive lymph node metastases.

Author information

1
Department of Hospital Pathology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 222 Banpodaero, Seocho-gu, Seoul, 137-701, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

The macrofollicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma is a rare subtype of the follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma and is usually characterized by an indolent clinical course. The tumors are prone to be misdiagnosed as benign due to their macrofollicular architecture and bland cytologic features. We report a rare case of the macrofollicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma with extensive lymph node metastases. The patient was a 48-year-old female with a right thyroid nodule and multiple enlarged lymph nodes in the right neck. It was not possible to make a definitive diagnosis of malignancy on fine-needle aspiration cytology and intraoperative frozen section. She underwent total thyroidectomy with right modified radical neck dissection. The surgical specimen showed a 2.5 × 1.5 × 10 cm, well-circumscribed macrofollicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma in the right lobe and multiple central and right lateral neck lymph node metastases. Molecular testing for BRAF, NRAS, HRAS, and KRAS was all negative. We then reviewed the demographic and clinicopathologic characteristics of 71 patients with the macrofollicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma. The cytologic or histopathologic diagnosis of macrofollicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma can be difficult. Extensive lymph node metastases caused by the macrofollicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma may occur even in the absence of capsular or lymphovascular invasion. This review will help to better understand the nature of the macrofollicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma.

PMID:
24671758
DOI:
10.1007/s12022-014-9306-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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