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Cardiovasc Toxicol. 2014 Dec;14(4):291-308. doi: 10.1007/s12012-014-9252-4.

Alcoholic cardiomyopathy: pathophysiologic insights.

Author information

1
Department of Biobehavioral Health Science, University of Illinois at Chicago, 845 S. Damen Ave. (MC 807), Chicago, IL, 60612, USA, piano@uic.edu.

Abstract

Alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM) is a specific heart muscle disease found in individuals with a history of long-term heavy alcohol consumption. ACM is associated with a number of adverse histological, cellular, and structural changes within the myocardium. Several mechanisms are implicated in mediating the adverse effects of ethanol, including the generation of oxidative stress, apoptotic cell death, impaired mitochondrial bioenergetics/stress, derangements in fatty acid metabolism and transport, and accelerated protein catabolism. In this review, we discuss the evidence for such mechanisms and present the potential importance of drinking patterns, genetic susceptibility, nutritional factors, race, and sex. The purpose of this review is to provide a mechanistic paradigm for future research in the area of ACM.

PMID:
24671642
PMCID:
PMC4177522
DOI:
10.1007/s12012-014-9252-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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