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PLoS One. 2014 Mar 26;9(3):e92785. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0092785. eCollection 2014.

Cumulative risks of foster care placement by age 18 for U.S. children, 2000-2011.

Author information

1
Department of Sociology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America.
2
Department of Economics, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America.

Abstract

Foster care placement is among the most tragic events a child can experience because it more often than not implies that a child has experienced or is at very high risk of experiencing abuse or neglect serious enough to warrant state intervention. Yet it is unclear how many children will experience foster care placement at some point between birth and age 18. Using synthetic cohort life tables and data from the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS), we estimated how many U.S. children were placed in foster care between birth and age 18, finding support for three conclusions. First, up to 5.91% of all U.S. children were ever placed in foster care between their birth and age 18. Second, Native American (up to 15.44%) and Black (up to 11.53%) children were at far higher risk of placement. Foster care is thus quite common in the U.S., especially for historically disadvantaged racial/ethnic groups. Third, differences in foster care placement were minimal between the sexes, indicating that the high risks of foster care placement are shared almost equally by boys and girls.

PMID:
24671254
PMCID:
PMC3966831
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0092785
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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