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Br J Pharmacol. 2014 Mar;171(5):1241-9. doi: 10.1111/bph.12505.

Unexpectedly high affinity of a novel histamine H(3) receptor antagonist, GSK239512, in vivo in human brain, determined using PET.

Author information

1
GlaxoSmithKline Clinical Imaging Centre, London, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the plasma concentration (PK) of the novel histamine H3 receptor antagonist, GSK239512, and the brain occupancy of H(3) receptors (RO) in healthy human volunteers.

EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH:

PET scans were obtained after i.v. administration of the H(3) -specific radioligand [(11) C]GSK189254. Each subject was scanned before and after single oral doses of GSK239512, at 4 and 24 h after dose. PET data were analysed by compartmental analysis, and regional RO estimates were obtained by graphical analysis of changes in the total volumes of distribution of the radioligand, followed by a correction for occupancy by the high affinity radioligand. The PK/RO relationship was analysed by a population-modelling approach, using the average PK of GSK239512 during each scan.

KEY RESULTS:

Following administration of GSK239512, there was a reduction in the brain uptake of [(11) C]GSK189254 in all regions, including cerebellum. RO at 4 h was higher than at 24 h, and the PK/RO model estimated a PK associated with 50% of RO of 0.0068 ng·mL(-1) . This corresponds to a free concentration of 4.50 × 10(-12 ) M (pK = 11.3).

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

The affinity of GSK239512 for brain H3 receptors in humans in vivo is much higher than that expected from studies in vitro, and higher than that observed in PET studies in pigs. The study illustrates the utility of carrying out PET studies in humans early in drug development, providing accurate quantification of GSK239512 RO in vivo as a function of time and dose.

KEYWORDS:

H3 receptors; PET study; drug development; pharmacokinetics; receptor occupancy

PMID:
24670146
PMCID:
PMC3952801
DOI:
10.1111/bph.12505
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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