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Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. 2014 Jan-Mar;21(1):66-71. doi: 10.4103/0974-9233.124103.

Modulatory effect of different riboflavin compositions on the central corneal thickness of African keratoconus corneas during collagen crosslinking.

Author information

1
University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Department of Ophthalmology, Mainz, Germany.
2
Presbyterian Eye Services, Eye Clinic, Acha-Bafoussam, Bafoussam, Cameroon.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

A pilot investigation to transfer the established corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) procedure in European eyes into clinically affected African eyes and to optimize the treatment by adapting the riboflavin composition.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

CXL was performed in 15 eyes (11 patients) with advanced stages of keratoconus in the Eye Clinic of Bafoussam in the West Region of Cameroon. The following six riboflavin compositions with different portions of active swelling additives were applied: Solution 1 (0.5% methylhydroxypropylcellulose [MHPC]), solution 2 (1.0% MHPC), solution 3 (1.7% MHPC), solution 4 (5% dextran), solution 5 (10% dextran) and solution 6 (no active swelling ingredient). The central corneal thickness (CCT) was measured by ultrasound pachymetry before and after de-epithelialization and at least every 10 min during CXL.

RESULTS:

THE APPLICATION OF THE RIBOFLAVIN SOLUTIONS RESULTED IN THE FOLLOWING MEAN FINAL CCT VALUES: 172 ± 15% using solution 1 (60 min/n = 5); 183 ± 8% using solution 2 (60 min/n = 5); 170% using solution 3 (60 min/n = 1); 80% using solution 4 (45 min/n = 1); 99% using solution 5 (45 min/n = 1) and 150 ± 13% using solution 6 (50 min/n = 2).

CONCLUSIONS:

The combination of riboflavin compositions with swelling and stabilizing effects on the corneal stroma seems necessary in African eyes with advanced keratoconus. Further studies are required to confirm these primary results.

KEYWORDS:

Africa; Collagen Crosslinking; Corneal Thickness; Keratoconus; Riboflavin

PMID:
24669149
PMCID:
PMC3959045
DOI:
10.4103/0974-9233.124103
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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