Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2014 Jun;68(6):643-52. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2014.40. Epub 2014 Mar 26.

Body composition changes in pregnancy: measurement, predictors and outcomes.

Author information

1
1] New York Obesity Nutrition Research Center, St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY, USA [2] Institute of Human Nutrition and Department of Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA [3] Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.
2
1] New York Obesity Nutrition Research Center, St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY, USA [2] Institute of Human Nutrition and Department of Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Abstract

Prevalence of overweight and obesity has risen in the United States over the past few decades. Concurrent with this rise in obesity has been an increase in pregravid body mass index and gestational weight gain affecting maternal body composition changes in pregnancy. During pregnancy, many of the assumptions inherent in body composition estimation are violated, particularly the hydration of fat-free mass, and available methods are unable to disentangle maternal composition from fetus and supporting tissues; therefore, estimates of maternal body composition during pregnancy are prone to error. Here we review commonly used and available methods for assessing body composition changes in pregnancy, including: (1) anthropometry, (2) total body water, (3) densitometry, (4) imaging, (5) dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, (6) bioelectrical impedance and (7) ultrasound. Several of these methods can measure regional changes in adipose tissue; however, most of these methods provide only whole-body estimates of fat and fat-free mass. Consideration is given to factors that may influence changes in maternal body composition, as well as long-term maternal and offspring outcomes. Finally, we provide recommendations for future research in this area.

PMID:
24667754
PMCID:
PMC4078736
DOI:
10.1038/ejcn.2014.40
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center