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J Am Psychiatr Nurses Assoc. 2014 Mar-Apr;20(2):125-37. doi: 10.1177/1078390314527551. Epub 2014 Mar 25.

Metasynthesis of research on the role of psychiatric inpatient nurses: what is important to staff?

Author information

1
Kathleen R. Delaney, PhD, PMH-NP, FAAN, Professor, Rush College of Nursing, Chicago, IL, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Inpatient psychiatric nurses are a large workforce, but their work is poorly articulated and thus poorly understood outside of the professional inpatient community.

OBJECTIVE:

To learn how inpatient psychiatric nurses depict their work, define important aspects of their role, and view the impact of the unit environment on their clinical practice.

DESIGN:

Metasynthesis of research that has focused on the ideas and perceptions of inpatient psychiatric nurses around their role and practice on inpatient psychiatric units.

RESULTS:

Three themes emerged from the analysis; the first was an umbrella for three important aspects of nursing work: the nurses' efforts to forge engagement with patients; their activities which maintained the safety of the unit and interventions nurses viewed as educating/empowering patients. The second theme captures the conditions that enabled nurses to do this work such as a cohesive nursing team and their sense of self-direction in their role. The final theme centers on difficulties nurses encountered in enacting their role which included multiple responsibilities for patient care and management of the milieu; intense work often with low visibility and scant support within the organization.

CONCLUSIONS:

Nurses need to articulate their practice so they can assert for the staffing and resources needed to keep units safe and promote patients' well-being, strive toward quality, and promote the development of the specialty.

KEYWORDS:

inpatient psychiatric nurses; inpatient psychiatric treatment; psychiatric hospitalization; qualitative metasynthesis

PMID:
24667372
DOI:
10.1177/1078390314527551
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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