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J Dent Res. 2014 Jun;93(6):553-8. doi: 10.1177/0022034514529304. Epub 2014 Mar 24.

Dental Anomalies Associated with Craniometaphyseal Dysplasia.

Author information

1
Department of Oral Health and Diagnostic Sciences, School of Dental Medicine, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT, USA.
2
Department of Craniofacial Sciences, School of Dental Medicine, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT, USA.
3
Department of Reconstructive Sciences, Center for Regenerative Medicine and Skeletal Development, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT, USA reichenberger@uchc.edu.

Abstract

Craniometaphyseal dysplasia (CMD) is a rare genetic disorder encompassing hyperostosis of craniofacial bones and metaphyseal widening of tubular bones. Dental abnormalities are features of CMD that have been little discussed in the literature. We performed dentofacial examination of patients with CMD and evaluated consequences of orthodontic movement in a mouse model carrying a CMD knock-in (KI) mutation (Phe377del) in the Ank gene. All patients have a history of delayed eruption of permanent teeth. Analysis of data obtained by cone-beam computed tomography showed significant bucco-lingual expansion of jawbones, more pronounced in mandibles than in maxillae. There was no measurable increase in bone density compared with that in unaffected individuals. Orthodontic cephalometric analysis showed that patients with CMD tend to have a short anterior cranial base, short upper facial height, and short maxillary length. Microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) analysis in homozygous Ank (KI/KI) mice, a model for CMD, showed that molars can be moved by orthodontic force without ankylosis, however, at a slower rate compared with those in wild-type Ank (+/+) mice (p < .05). Histological analysis of molars in Ank (KI/KI) mice revealed decreased numbers of TRAP(+) osteoclasts on the bone surface of pressure sides. Based on these findings, recommendations for the dental treatment of patients with CMD are provided.

KEYWORDS:

ANKH; cone-beam computed tomography; craniofacial abnormalities; mouse model; orthodontics; tooth eruption

PMID:
24663682
PMCID:
PMC4023465
DOI:
10.1177/0022034514529304
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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