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Trends Parasitol. 2014 May;30(5):228-33. doi: 10.1016/j.pt.2014.02.007. Epub 2014 Mar 21.

Flea control failure? Myths and realities.

Author information

1
Merial, 29 Avenue Tony Garnier, 69007 Lyon, France. Electronic address: lenaig.halos@merial.com.
2
Merial, 29 Avenue Tony Garnier, 69007 Lyon, France.
3
Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, 5000-801 Vila Real, Portugal.
4
Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent István University, István út 2, 1078 Budapest, Hungary.
5
Institut National Polytechnique (INP) - Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Toulouse, 23 Chemin des Capelles, 31076 Toulouse, France.
6
Parasitology-Mycology-Dermatology Department, Dynamyc Research Group, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d'Alfort, Université Paris-Est (UPE), 94704 Maisons-Alfort, France.
7
Institute of Comparative Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, Leopoldstrasse 5, 80802 Munich, Germany.
8
University of Bristol, Bristol, BS8 1UG, UK.

Abstract

Why is it that, despite the proliferation of research on their biology and control, fleas remain such a burden for companion animals and their owners? This review highlights a range of reasons for persistence and apparent treatment failures. It argues that a sustainable approach will require integrated pest management based upon a detailed understanding of the flea life cycle, targeting not only adult fleas but also the immature stages in the environment, combining several modes of control and limiting the risk of chemoresistance. Individual characteristics of the pet and its environment need to be considered. Control of fleas can be achieved, over a timescale of several months, if basic rules are respected.

KEYWORDS:

companion animals; flea control; integrated management; treatment failure

PMID:
24661796
DOI:
10.1016/j.pt.2014.02.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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