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J Infect Chemother. 2014 Jun;20(6):361-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jiac.2014.02.001. Epub 2014 Mar 21.

The prevalence of airway obstruction among Japanese HIV-positive male patients compared with general population; a case-control study of single center analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Infectious, Respiratory, and Digestive Medicine, Control and Prevention of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, Japan. Electronic address: hnhideta@gmail.com.
2
Department of Infectious, Respiratory, and Digestive Medicine, Control and Prevention of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, Japan.
3
Nakagami Hospital, Japan.
4
Omoromachi Medical Center, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

Previous studies have suggested that human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and/or the airway colonization of Pneumocystis jirovecii (Pcj) impact on the progression of airway obstruction, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This study was aimed to evaluate the relationship between HIV infection, airway colonization of Pcj and airway obstruction in Japanese male patients.

METHODS:

Case-control study of 49 HIV-positive and 257 HIV-negative men were enrolled in this study. Airway obstruction was determined by spirometry. Cigarette smoking was determined by a self report. Laboratory data were obtained from medical records. Among HIV positive patients, the airway colonization of Pcj was evaluated by induced sputum using the real time polymerase chain reaction method.

RESULTS:

Forty-eight out of 49 (97.9%) HIV-positive patients received antiretroviral therapy, and their median CD4 cell counts were 491/μL (79-935). The prevalence of airway obstruction as determined by spirometry was 10.2% (5/49) in HIV-positive subjects and 2.4% (5/208) in HIV-negative subjects (p = 0.024). Compared with the control group, HIV-positive patients were significantly younger (median age 44 vs 40, p = 0.019). After adjusting for age, pack-years of smoking, HIV infection was an independent risk factor for airway obstruction (OR; 10.93, 95%CI 1.99-60.1, p = 0.006). None of patient was detected the airway colonization of Pcj.

CONCLUSIONS:

HIV infection was an independent risk factor for airway obstruction regardless of airway colonization of Pcj. Health-care providers should be aware of the increased likelihood of airway obstruction among HIV-positive patients.

KEYWORDS:

Airway colonization of Pneumocystis jirovecii; Airway obstruction; HIV; Smoking

PMID:
24661405
DOI:
10.1016/j.jiac.2014.02.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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