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Neurology. 2014 Apr 22;82(16):1425-33. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000000344. Epub 2014 Mar 21.

Pyridoxine responsiveness in novel mutations of the PNPO gene.

Author information

1
From the Department of Pediatrics (B.P., L.A.), Division of Child Neurology, University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland; the Department of Pediatrics (B.P.), Division of Neurology and Inborn Errors of Metabolism, Medical University Graz, Austria; radiz-"Rare Disease Initiative Zurich, Clinical Research Priority Program for Rare Diseases University of Zurich" (B.P., L.A.); CRC Clinical Research Center (B.P.), University Childrens' Hospital Zurich, Switzerland; the Laboratory of Metabolic Diseases (K.P., E.P., D.H.), Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Graz, Austria; UCL Institute of Child Health (P.M., P.C.), Clinical and Molecular Genetics Unit, London, UK; Childrens Hospital St. Gallen (O.M., O.H.), Switzerland; the Department of Pediatrics (G.H.), Klinikum Esslingen; the Department of Pediatrics (S.K.), St. Marien Hospital, Landshut, Germany; the Division of Child Neurology (M.C.) and Division of Biochemical Diseases (S.S.), Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada; the Department of Pediatrics, Division of Child Neurology (N.W.), VU University Medical Center and Neuroscience Campus Amsterdam; and the Department of Clinical Chemistry (E.S.), Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether patients with pyridoxine-responsive seizures but normal biomarkers for antiquitin deficiency and normal sequencing of the ALDH7A1 gene may have PNPO mutations.

METHODS:

We sequenced the PNPO gene in 31 patients who fulfilled the above-mentioned criteria.

RESULTS:

We were able to identify 11 patients carrying 3 novel mutations of the PNPO gene. In 6 families, a homozygous missense mutation p.Arg225His in exon 7 was identified, while 1 family was compound heterozygous for a novel missense mutation p.Arg141Cys in exon 5 and a deletion c.279_290del in exon 3. Pathogenicity of the respective mutations was proven by absence in 100 control alleles and expression studies in CHO-K1 cell lines. The response to pyridoxine was prompt in 4, delayed in 2, on EEG only in 2, and initially absent in another 2 patients. Two unrelated patients homozygous for the p.Arg225His mutation experienced status epilepticus when switched to pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP).

CONCLUSIONS:

This study challenges the paradigm of exclusive PLP responsiveness in patients with pyridoxal 5'-phosphate oxidase deficiency and underlines the importance of consecutive testing of pyridoxine and PLP in neonates with antiepileptic drug-resistant seizures. Patients with pyridoxine response but normal biomarkers for antiquitin deficiency should undergo PNPO mutation analysis.

PMID:
24658933
PMCID:
PMC4001193
DOI:
10.1212/WNL.0000000000000344
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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