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Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2014 Jun 1;277(2):210-20. doi: 10.1016/j.taap.2014.03.008. Epub 2014 Mar 20.

Morin ameliorates chemically induced liver fibrosis in vivo and inhibits stellate cell proliferation in vitro by suppressing Wnt/β-catenin signaling.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600 025, Tamil Nadu, India.
2
Department of Zoology, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600 025, Tamil Nadu, India.
3
Department of Biochemistry, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600 025, Tamil Nadu, India. Electronic address: niranjali@yahoo.com.

Abstract

The anti-fibrotic effect of morin was examined in LX-2 cells (culture-activated human hepatic stellate cells) and in diethylnitrosamine induced rat model of liver fibrosis. The in vitro study was designed to determine whether morin affects the survival of cultured LX-2 cells, while the in vivo study was designed to evaluate the antioxidant and anti-fibrotic efficacy of morin on diethylnitrosamine induced liver fibrosis in male albino Wistar rat. The activities of liver function enzymes in serum, liver lipid peroxide levels, activities of serum antioxidant enzymes and liver architecture were monitored to cast light on the antioxidant and hepatoprotective nature of morin. To establish the anti-fibrotic effects of morin, the levels of key Wnt signaling molecules which are strongly associated with the signal transduction pathway of HSC activation were measured. Overall, from the in vitro results, it was observed that morin at 50 μM concentration inhibited the proliferation of cultured LX-2 cells, inhibited Wnt signaling and induced G1 cell cycle arrest. The in vivo results further confirmed that morin by downregulating the expressions of GSK-3β, β-catenin and cyclin D1 ameliorated DEN-induced liver fibrosis. Hence morin could be employed as a promising chemopreventive natural supplement for liver fibrosis.

KEYWORDS:

Diethylnitrosamine; G1 cell cycle arrest; LX-2 cells; Liver fibrosis; Morin; β-Catenin

PMID:
24657339
DOI:
10.1016/j.taap.2014.03.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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