Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Trends Cogn Sci. 2014 May;18(5):235-41. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2014.02.010. Epub 2014 Mar 18.

Publication and other reporting biases in cognitive sciences: detection, prevalence, and prevention.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Department of Health Research and Policy, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Department of Statistics, Stanford University School of Humanities and Sciences, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Meta-Research Innovation Center at Stanford (METRICS), Stanford, CA 94305, USA. Electronic address: jioannid@stanford.edu.
2
MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit, UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK; School of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.
3
Department of Psychosis Studies, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, UK.
4
Center for Open Science, and Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, VA, USA.
5
Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.

Abstract

Recent systematic reviews and empirical evaluations of the cognitive sciences literature suggest that publication and other reporting biases are prevalent across diverse domains of cognitive science. In this review, we summarize the various forms of publication and reporting biases and other questionable research practices, and overview the available methods for probing into their existence. We discuss the available empirical evidence for the presence of such biases across the neuroimaging, animal, other preclinical, psychological, clinical trials, and genetics literature in the cognitive sciences. We also highlight emerging solutions (from study design to data analyses and reporting) to prevent bias and improve the fidelity in the field of cognitive science research.

KEYWORDS:

bias; cognitive sciences; neuroscience; publication bias; reporting bias

PMID:
24656991
PMCID:
PMC4078993
DOI:
10.1016/j.tics.2014.02.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center