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Transplant Proc. 2014;46(2):332-5. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2013.11.148.

Excellent results of immunocomplex capture fluorescence analysis-I for cross-match test in renal transplantation.

Author information

1
Department of Kidney Transplantation Center, Hyogo Prefectural Nishinomiya Hospital, Nishinomiya, Hyogo, Japan. Electronic address: nkennishi3753@nifty.com.
2
Department of Kidney Transplantation Center, Hyogo Prefectural Nishinomiya Hospital, Nishinomiya, Hyogo, Japan.
3
Department of Urology, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Hyogo, Japan.
4
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery Related, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.
5
Department of Urology, Shimane University Faculty of Medicine, Izumo, Shimane, Japan.

Abstract

A flow cytometry cross-match (FCXM) test is the gold standard for detection of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies in renal transplantation because of its high sensitivity. However, this technique can produce false-positive results when non-HLA antibodies or low-titer donor-specific antibodies (DSA) are detected. To determine the clinical relevance of the recently introduced novel cross-match test termed immunocomplex capture fluorescence analysis (ICFA), we retrospectively compared the results of ICFA and FCXM, including a single-antigen bead test for detection of DSA in renal transplant recipients. We found a correlation of 71.4% (235/329) between the results of ICFA-I and FCXM-T, whereas that between ICFA-II and FCXM-B was 41.1% (134/326). Ninety-four patients were ICFA-I negative and FCXM-T positive, and 188 were ICFA-II negative and FCXM-B positive, whereas 46.8% (44/94) and 61.7% (116/188) were found to be DSA-I and DSA-II negative, respectively, which classified them into the non-HLA antibody and low-titer DSA groups, respectively. The mean value of molecules of equivalent soluble fluorochrome for DSA-I was 22,994 in the ICFA-I-positive group, which was significantly higher than 2117 in the negative group (P < .0001), whereas there was no significant difference for DSA-II between the ICFA-II-positive and ICFA-II-negative groups. Graft survival in the ICFA-I-negative group was significantly higher than that in the ICFA-I-positive group (P = .0058). Our results indicate that ICFA-I does not respond to non-HLA antibodies or low-titer DSA, which have influence on graft survival. Therefore, this novel hybrid test, which combines cross-match testing and HLA antibody detection functions, may be useful for clinical pretransplantation evaluation of renal transplantation patients.

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