Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Affect Disord. 2014 Apr;158:148-53. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2014.02.012. Epub 2014 Feb 10.

Cross-cultural validity of the Spanish version of PHQ-9 among pregnant Peruvian women: a Rasch item response theory analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, K505 Boston, MA, USA.
2
Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, K505 Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address: bgelaye@hsph.harvard.edu.
3
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA; Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
4
Universidad San Martin de Porres, Lima, Peru; Asociación Civil PROESA, Lima, Peru.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We sought to evaluate the validity of the Spanish language version of the patient health questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) depression scale in a large sample of pregnant Peruvian women using Rasch item response theory (IRT) approaches. We further sought to examine the appropriateness of the response formats, reliability and potential differential item functioning (DIF) by maternal age, educational attainment and employment status.

METHODS:

This cross-sectional study was conducted among 1520 pregnant women in Lima, Peru. A structured interview was used to collect information on demographic characteristics and PHQ-9 items. Data from the PHQ-9 were fitted to the Rasch IRT model and tested for appropriate category ordering, the assumptions of unidimensionality and local independence, item fit, reliability and presence of DIF.

RESULTS:

The Spanish language version of PHQ-9 demonstrated unidimensionality, local independence, and acceptable fit for the Rasch IRT model. However, we detected disordered response categories for the original four response categories. After collapsing "more than half the days" and "nearly every day", the response categories ordered properly and the PHQ-9 fit the Rasch IRT model. The PHQ-9 had moderate internal consistency (person separation index, PSI=0.72). Additionally, the items of PHQ-9 were free of DIF with regard to age, educational attainment, and employment status.

CONCLUSIONS:

The Spanish language version of the PHQ-9 was shown to have item properties of an effective screening instrument. Collapsing rating scale categories and reconstructing three-point Likert scale for all items improved the fit of the instrument. Future studies are warranted to establish new cutoff scores and criterion validity of the three-point Likert scale response options for the Spanish language version of the PHQ-9.

PMID:
24655779
PMCID:
PMC4004697
DOI:
10.1016/j.jad.2014.02.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center